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History of combine harvesters

History of Combine Harvesters

history of combine harvesters

Grain Combine Harvester

From the 18th to the 19th century, many people in Britain, the United States and other countries developed and designed combine harvesters. Some of them also obtained patents or made prototypes, but they basically did not have practical value and failed to be popularized.

In 1831, American farmer inventor McCormik (C.McCormik, 1810-?) designed and produced the first combine harvester pulled by two horses, and its harvesting efficiency exceeded 30 people. This is a combine harvester. A major breakthrough in development. Since then, McCormick has been working on the improvement and manufacture of combine harvesters, which are in short supply. By 1870, he had built a large combine harvester that was pulled by 40 horses and had a width of 30 meters. The harvester was also equipped with a straw baling device.

In 1889, American Best designed and manufactured the first self-propelled combine harvester driven by a steam engine, which could harvest up to 50 hectares of farmland a day. Since then, self-propelled combine harvesters driven by internal combustion engines have been born one after another.

In the late 1880s, combine harvesters became increasingly popular in the United States, and soon Australia was producing similar machines.

In the 1920s, the combine harvester was first used on a large scale in the wheat-producing areas of the United States, and then quickly spread to the Soviet Union, Canada, Australia and Western European countries.

Combine harvesters have become indispensable agricultural machinery for field operations. Using it to harvest wheat can reduce threshing loss by 5-8% compared with general manual harvesting, and save a lot of labor. A large grain combine harvester can harvest 400-500 mu of wheat a day.

Modern combine harvesters can harvest more than 120,000 square meters of grain in one working day. For each operation across the field, a bundle of grain about 5.5 meters wide is cut.

Why combine harvesters first appeared in the United States and Australia, there are the following reasons to explain. First, the scale of agriculture in both countries is large. The field stretches as far as the eye can see, so a fast-harvesting farmer has an edge over his peers. In addition, early combine harvesters were more suitable for dry climates than wet ones. Before combine harvesters could be successful in England, machines to dry the grain had to be developed, because the harvested grain was not dry enough to be stored immediately.

Combine harvesters are widely used in all developed countries.